How to Edit Image Objects in PDFs

Foxit PDF editor

This article will tell you how to edit image objects in PDFs with Foxit PDF Editor (Pro Only).

When you draw a new image object with the Draw New Image command, or edit an image object with the Edit Object command, the Image Editor window is opened and the Image context tab appears on the ribbon. Image Editor is an image-editing program that includes various commands and the Format tab in the right panel.

The Tools group

You can select a command by clicking its icon in the Tools group in the Image context tab. Positioning the pointer over a command will display a tool tip with the command’s name. There are selecting commands and painting commands.

The Selecting tools

The Selecting tools include the Rectangular Marquee command, the Magic Wand command, the lasso commands ( the Lasso command and the Polygonal Lasso command), etc. To see how to use these commands, please follow the steps as below.

The Rectangular Marquee command:

          ●  Click Image > Select > Select 1.png.

          ●  Drag over the area you want to select.

The Magic Wand command:

  • ● Click Image > Select > Magic Wand 2.png.
  • ● In the Format tab, drag the slider to specify the Tolerance, or enter a value ranging from 0 to 255.
  • ●   To select only adjacent areas using the same colors, select Contiguous. Otherwise, all pixels using the same colors will be selected.
  • ●   In the image, click the color you want to select. If Contiguous is selected, all adjacent pixels within the tolerance range are selected. Otherwise, all pixels in the tolerance range are selected.

Tip: The magic wand command lets you select a consistently colored area without having to trace its outline. You can specify the tolerance for the magic wand command’s selection.

The Lasso command:

  • ●   Click Image > Select > Lasso .
  • ●   Drag to draw a freehand selection border.

The Polygonal Lasso command:

  • ●   Click Image > Select > Polygonal Lasso 4.png.
  • ●   Click in the image to set the starting point.
  • ●   Double click the image to close the selection.

Cutting, copying, and pasting selections:

  • ●   Select the area you want to cut /copy.
  • ●   Choose the Cut Out command5.png or the Copy command 6.png from the Format tab.
  • ●   Paste the selection into the same image or another application.

The Painting tools

The Painting tools include the Eyedropper command, the Brush command, the Paint Bucket command, the Dodge command, the Burn command and the Eraser command, etc. These commands are generally used in combination with the options in the Format tab in the right panel.

1. Setting options for painting

You can set options for a painting tool in the Format tab in the right panel.

Selecting a blending mode

The blending mode controls how pixels in the image are affected by a painting or editing tool.

To select a blending mode for a tool, choose from the Mode drop-down menu.

☼        Normal

Edits or paints each pixel to make it the result color. This is the default mode.

☼       Color Burn 

Looks at the color information in each channel and darkens the base color to reflect the blend color by increasing the contrast. Blending with white produces no change.

☼         Color Dodge

Looks at the color information in each channel and brightens the base color to reflect the blend color by decreasing the contrast. Blending with black produces no change.

☼         Darken

Looks at the color information in each channel and selects the base or blend color–whichever is darker–as the result color. Pixels lighter than the blend color are replaced, and pixels darker than the blend color do not change.

☼          Difference

Looks at the color information in each channel and subtracts either the blend color from the base color or the base color from the blend color, depending on which has the greater brightness value. Blending with white inverts the base color values; blending with black produces no change.

☼          Exclusion

Creates an effect similar to but lower in contrast than the Difference mode. Blending with white inverts the base color values. Blending with black produces no change.

☼          Hard Light

Multiplies or screens the colors, depending on the blend color. The effect is similar to shining a harsh spotlight on the image.

☼          Lighten

Looks at the color information in each channel and selects the base or blend color–whichever is lighter–as the result color. Pixels darker than the blend color are replaced, and pixels lighter than the blend color do not change.

☼          Hard Mix

The result of Hard Mix is either 0 or 255 for each channel. If the sum of upper layer value and lower layer value is greater than 255, then it is 255, otherwise the result will be 0. This mode is useful for color enhancement or special effects. See the Example shown below:

1592385872590630.png

☼         Linear Dark/Light

Burns or dodges the colors by decreasing or increasing the brightness, depending on the blend color. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened by increasing the brightness. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, the image is darkened by decreasing the brightness.

☼          Multiply

Looks at the color information in each channel and multiplies the base color by the blend color. The result color is always a darker color. Multiplying any color with black produces black. Multiplying any color with white leaves the color unchanged. When you’re painting with a color other than black or white, successive strokes with a painting tool produce progressively darker colors. The effect is similar to drawing on the image with multiple magic markers.

☼         Overlay

Multiplies or screens the colors, depending on the base color. Patterns or colors overlay the existing pixels while preserving the highlights and shadows of the base color. The base color is not replaced but is mixed with the blend color to reflect the lightness or darkness of the original color.

☼         Pin Light 

Replaces the colors, depending on the blend color. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, pixels darker than the blend color are replaced, and pixels lighter than the blend color do not change. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, pixels lighter than the blend color are replaced, and pixels darker than the blend color do not change. This is useful for adding special effects to an image.

☼         Screen

Looks at each channel’s color information and multiplies the inverse of the blend and base colors. The result color is always a lighter color. Screening with black leaves the color unchanged. Screening with white produces white. The effect is similar to projecting multiple photographic slides on top of each other.

☼         Soft Light

Darkens or lightens the colors, depending on the blend color. The effect is similar to shining a diffused spotlight on the image.

Specifying opacity or flow

You can specify opacity or flow in the Format tab for the following tools:

  • ●   Opacity specifies the maximum amount of paint coverage applied by the brush, clone stamp, and paint bucket tools.
  • ●   Flow specifies how quickly paint is applied by the brush tool.

To specify opacity or flow

Enter a value, or drag the slider for Opacity or Flow in the Format tab.

Opacity or flow can range from 1% to 100%. For transparent paint or a weak effect, specify a low percentage value; for more opaque paint or a strong effect, specify a high value.

2. Using the Eyedropper command

The eyedropper command samples color to designate a new foreground or background color. You can sample from the active image. You can also specify the area sampled by the eyedropper command. For example, you can set the eyedropper to sample the color values of a 3-by-3-pixel area under the pointer.

To sample color with the eyedropper command:

  • ●   Select the eyedropper command 1.png from the Image context tab.
  • ●    In the Pipette palette of the Format tab, choose an option from the Sample Size menu.

Note: 3 by 3 Average or 5 by 5 Average to read the average value of the specified number of pixels within the area you click.

  • ● Click the area containing the color you want to copy.

3. Using the Brush command

Image Editor provides the brush command to let you paint with the current foreground color.

  • ●   Select the Brush command 2.png from the Image context tab.
  • ●    Do one of the following in the Format tab:
  •     * Set brush options: Diameter to control the size of the brush. Hardness to control the size of the brush’s hard center.
  •    * Specify a blending mode 
  •     * Specify an opacity and a flow rate 
  • ●   Drag the image to paint.

4. Using the Paint Bucket command

The paint bucket tool fills adjacent pixels that are similar in color value to the pixels you click.

  • ●   Select the paint bucket command 3.png from the Image context tab.
  • ●   Do one of the following in the Format tab:
  • * Specify a blending mode 
  •    * Specify an opacity 
  •     * Specify a tolerance 

Note: The tolerance defines how similar in color a pixel must be to be filled. Values can range from 0 to 255. A low tolerance fills pixels within a range of color values very similar to the pixel you click. A high tolerance fills pixels within a broader range.

  • ●   Click the part of the image you want to fill.

5. Using the Dodge command

The dodge command is used to lighten areas of the image.

To use the dodge command:

  • ●   Select Burn > Dodge 4.png in the Image context tab.
  • ●   Do the following in the Format tab:
  •   * Set brush options: Diameter to control the size of the brush. 
  •     * Select what to change in the image: Shadows to change the dark areas; Highlights to change the light areas.
  • ●   Drag over the part of the image you want to modify.

6. Using the Burn command

The burn command is used to darken areas of the image.

To use the burn command:

  • ●   Select Burn > Burn 5.png the Image context tab.
  • ●   Do the following in the Format tab:
  •     * Set brush options: Diameter to control the size of the brush. Hardness to control the size of the brush’s hard center.
  •     * Select what to change in the image: Shadows to change the dark areas; Highlights to change the light areas.
  • ●   Drag over the part of the image you want to modify.

7. Using the Eraser command

  • ●   Select the Eraser command 6.png from the Image context tab.
  • ●   Do one of the following in the Format tab:
  •     * Specify opacity and a flow rate.
  • ●   Drag the pointer over the area you want to erase.

8. Using the Spot Healing Brush command

The spot healing brush command effortlessly removes dust, scratches, blemishes, and other flaws and automatically preserves the shading, lighting, and texture of the original image.

To use the healing brush command:

  • ●   Select the spot healing brush command 7.png from the Image context tab.
  • ●   Do the following in the Format tab:
  •     * Specify the diameter option to control the size of the brush.
  •     * Specify the roundness option to control the ratio between the brush’s short and long axes.
  • ●   Press down Ctrl key and click an area to define a source to repair.

9. Using the Clone Stamp command

The clone stamp command takes a sample of an image, which you can then apply over another image or part of the same image. Each stroke of the tool paints on more of the sample.

To use the clone stamp tool:

  • ●   Select the clone stamp command 8.png from the Image context tab.
  • ●   Do one of the following in the Format tab:
  •     * Set brush options: Diameter to control the size of the brush. Hardness to control the size of the brush’s hard center.
  •     * Specify a blending mode.
  •     * Specify opacity and a flow rate.
  •     * Aline: If selected, the position of the source remains fixed relative to the spot where your first brush stroke was, and each brush stroke you paint is cloning an area of the image that is the same distance and direction from the start of the previous stroke; if deselected, every new brush stroke will return to initial clone source spot, and you are making a new copy of your image with each brush stroke.
  • ●    Press down Ctrl key and click an area to define a resource. Then move the cursor to copy the located image.

10. Choosing foreground and background colors

You can use the Levels palette to select the foreground or background color by choosing from a color spectrum or by defining colors numerically.

You can designate a new foreground or background color using the eyedropper command and the Levels palette.

The default foreground color is black, and the default background color is white.

Levels palette:

The Levels palette displays the color values for the current foreground and background colors. Entering the value in the Levels palette or clicking the arrows 007.png to increase or decrease the value, you can edit the foreground and background colors according to several different color models.

Note: Image Editor uses RGB mode to work with images.

11. Using the Layer palette

The Layers palette lets you set layer opacity, fill layers and choose a blending mode.

Setting layer opacity

A layer’s opacity determines to what degree it obscures or reveals the layer beneath it. A layer with 1% opacity appears nearly transparent, while one with 100% opacity appears completely opaque.

To specify opacity for a layer 

1.       Select a layer or layer set in the Layers palette.

2.       In the Layer palette, enter a value in the Opacity text box or drag the Opacity slider.

The Filter group

Using filters, please select an item from the Filter tab to add an effect to the image. Move the cursor over one type of filter to preview how the image will look after adding the filter. The filter will be applied only when you click it. And the image with the applied filter will be the original one to be added another filter later if any. To undo the application, you can click Undo button 1.pngon the Quick Access toolbar.

Flipping and Replacing Images

Flipping tools are to flip images horizontally or vertically. And you can also replace the original image with other images with the Replace command 3.pngfrom the Layer group in the Format tab.

To flip images, please do one of the following:

  • ●   From theLayer group in the Format tab, click 1.png or 2.png to flip the entire image horizontally or vertically.
  • ●   To flip the image you select, click the Rectangular Marquee command or the Lasso command to select an area, and click the Flip command 1.png or 2.png.

To replace images, please do the following:

1.       From the Layer group in the Format tab, click the Replace command 3.png.

2.         In the pop-up Open dialog box, search the image file you want and click Open button.

Note: Only BMP, PCX, TIF, and JPEG format file can be opened.

3.         You get a confirmation message asking you if you want to continue to replace the current active image. If yes, click the Ok button to finish.

Note: The replaced image will never be recovered. 

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